- November 27, 2020
- Posted by: samdenis
Both parties agreed to put in place certain mechanisms for the effective and transparent implementation of the above measures. In this context; Meanwhile, the Syrian government said it no longer felt bound by the agreement, but remained “willing” to return to the agreement if Turkey were to stop supporting the Free Syrian Army and other Turkish-backed armed rebel groups in Syria and withdraw its troops from Turkish-occupied northern Syrian territories.   Putin`s goal is to encourage Turkey to cooperate with the Syrian regime. After the withdrawal of the United States, he wants Bashar Assad to take control of all areas controlled by the YPG. At the same time, the Russian leader referred to the Adana agreement to ensure that the security zone focuses on border security. Finally, he sent a message to YPG fighters and encouraged them to maintain dialogue with the regime. The main objective of the agreement was to restore bilateral relations between Syria and Turkey, although the Turkish delegation insisted that full normalization should not be achieved until Syria met the requirements, including the cessation of what Turkey considered to be an “incitement to other Arab League member nations against Turkey” , as well as cooperation in the arrest of Ocalan. These requirements were attached to the text of the agreement.  The Adana Agreement (pronounced [a`da.na]; in Turkish: Adana Mutabakat; In Arabic:) was a 1998 agreement between Turkey and Syria on the expulsion of the Kurdistan Workers` Party (PKK) from Syria.
 In a speech to the Turkish Military Academy on Thursday, Erdogan hinted that the Russian proposal could work: “[The Adana agreement] was based on handing over the separatist terrorist organization to us. The fact that the agreement was reached during our discussions with President Putin helps us to better understand that we need to emphasize. Syria`s decision to expel Ocalan and negotiate with Turkey was linked to its concern about the strength of the Turkish army in the face of its own weakness. However, a few years later, Syrian President Bashar Assad said in an interview that “the deportation of Ocalan was not out of fear, but because we preferred you. We could either be friends with the Turkish people, or prefer the Kurds and lose you. As our preference was with you, we sent Ocalan. In signing the agreement, Syria recognized the PKK as a terrorist organization and pledged not to provide financial, logistical or military support.