- December 9, 2020
- Posted by: samdenis
The Brussels agreement (Serbian: Briselski sporazum, in Albanian: Marréveshja e Brukselit), formally the first agreement to normalize relations, was concluded between the governments of Serbia and Kosovo on the normalization of their relations.  It was negotiated and concluded in Brussels under the auspices of the European Union, although it was not signed by any of the parties. The negotiations were led by Serbian Prime Minister Ivica Dasai and Kosovo Prime Minister Hashim Thai and were negotiated by EU High Representative Catherine Ashton. The agreement was reached on April 19, 2013.  The Serbian government does not recognize Kosovo as a sovereign state, but has begun to normalize relations with the Kosovo government in accordance with the Brussels agreement. The notion of normalization of relations remains vague and therefore largely problematic.  Under the Brussels agreement, regular meetings are held to ensure the implementation of provisions in various areas. An agreement on justice was reached in February 2015, followed by agreements on energy and telecommunications operators. On 25 August 2015, an agreement was reached for the creation of the Serbian Community Association, which is at the heart of the Brussels agreement. The statutes have yet to be drawn up. On 19 April 2013, the Heads of State and Government of Serbia and Kosovo signed the “first agreement in principle on the normalisation of relations” in Brussels, under the auspices of the European Union and Catherine Catherine Ashton, the EU`s head of foreign policy. Although there is opposition to the agreement in both Serbia and Kosovo, it has been approved in the meantime by the two parliaments of Belgrade and Prishtina.
This briefing examines the context of the agreement and its political implications. Following the conclusion of the agreement, the European Commission officially announced that work on the ASA with Kosovo and accession negotiations with Serbia had begun. The agreement was supported by the European Union, NATO, the OSCE and the United Nations.  This means that the Serbian government, although it has been left unattended by the international community to find the necessary domestic support for Kosovo`s policy, even at the expense of fundamental political freedoms, has essentially tied its own hands. President Vuéi`s “two-tiered language game” strategy, in which his loyalist sent more “emotional messages” on the Kosovo issue in order to hold a significant portion of the electorate; While he sent more than one “realistic attitude,” he somewhat influenced his constituents. The hardline voters of the ruling party have become more sensitive to “realistic stories about Kosovo”.